Uncovering the Unsung Hero of Sulu: Panglima Sayyadi’s Character Archetypes in Kissa


character archetypes
Panglima Sayyadi
Tau Sug
the Philippines

How to Cite

Dino, N., Guinto-Sali, M. J., Lee Matolo, A.-H., Amat, A., & Ingilan, S. (2023). Uncovering the Unsung Hero of Sulu: Panglima Sayyadi’s Character Archetypes in Kissa. Southeastern Philippines Journal of Research and Development, 28(1), 49-68. https://doi.org/10.53899/spjrd.v28i1.248


This study explores Panglima Sayyadi, the Tau Sug hero of Tapul Island, Sulu, Philippines, whose account was obtained from a kissa, an oral narrative passed down through generations in an unstructured form. It analyzes the character archetypes of the Tau Sug Hero to investigate his disposition as the commanding leader of the Sulu Forces against the colonizers’ imposition, as depicted by the old Tau Sug folks who recall his history. To reveal his characteristics, an archetypal literary criticism is employed in this study, which examines three classified character archetypes: The Ego Types, The Self Types, and The Soul Types. The results indicate that Panglima Sayyadi’s character was an amalgamation of the three motifs, being the Warrior and the Traditionalist of the Ego Type, the Leader and the Thinker of the Self Type, and the Revolutionary and the Visionary of the Soul Type, which implies his courage to defend and loyalty to his belief system. It can also be concluded that these archetypes are innate to his individuality as a Tau Sug. 



Abinales, P. N., & Amoroso, D. (2005). State and Society in the Philippines. Rowman & Littlefield.

American Psychological Association. Archetype. APA Dictionary of Psychology.

Annual Report of Major General George W. Davis, United States Army, Commanding Division of the Philippines (1903, July 26-October 1).

Bishop, A., & Pantaleon, S. (2017). How Archetypes Power the World’s Most Memorable Brands. Step Change.

Canto, M. F. F. (1985). Restoring A Sense of History: The Case of Southern Philippines’ Jolo, Sulu [Doctoral dissertation, Massachusetts Institute of Technology].

Marshall Cavendish Corporation (2007). World and Its Peoples: Eastern and Southern Asia. Marshall Cavendish, New York.

Dino, N. (2015). Sulug In Sabah: The Way of Life and Culture. Saba Islamic Media, Kuala Lumpur.

Dino, N. (2018). An Iconological Study of the Barung Ukkil Kahuy of the Suluk in Sabah [Master’s Thesis, FKSW, [Universiti Malaysia Sabah].

Fatubun, R. R. (2021). Archetypes in Biak folktales: characters, symbols, and concepts. Linguistics and Culture Review, 5(1), 230-246.

Hassan, I., Ashley, S. A., & Ashley, M. L. (Eds.) (1975). Tausug-English Dictionary: Kabtangan Iban Maana. Coordinated Investigation of Sulu Culture.

Hull, R. F. C., & Jung, C. G. (1968). The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious (2nd ed.). Taylor and Francis Group.

Ingilan, S., & Abdurajak, N. (2021). Unveiling the Tausug Culture in Parang Sabil through Translation. Southeastern Philippines Journal of Research and Development, 26(2), 97-108. https://doi.org/10.53899/spjrd.v26i2.156

Mustafa, N. (2000, September 16). ‘The Tausug Enigma’. Philippine Daily Inquirer (Manila).

Mustafa, N. (2008). Viewpoint: The Tausug Male Enigma. Sulu Armed Violence Reduction Initiative Review. Sihnag. Armed Violence Reduction Initiative (AVRI), Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue.

Pearson, C. S. (1991). Awakening the heroes within: Twelve archetypes to help us find ourselves and transform our world. Harper Collins.

Primer Sulu Assertion of Independence (2010). In the Matter of Assertion of Independence of the State of Sulu Sultanate Darul Islam on 17 November 2010. Council of Regents.

Dino, N. et al. / Southeastern Philippines Journal of Research and Development , Vol. 28, No. 1 (March 2023) 49-68 67

Rixhon, G. (2010). Voices from Sulu: A collection of Tausug oral traditions. Quezon City, Philippines: Ateneo de Manila University.

Saleeby, N. M. (1908). The History of Sulu. Ethnological Survey for Philippine Islands. Bureau of Printing, Manila.

Sutherland, H. A. (2004). The Sulu zone revisited. Journal of Southeast Asian Studies, 35(1), 133-157. https://doi.org/10.1017/s0022463404000074

Tan, S. (1987). A History of the Philippines. The University of the Philippines Press.

The Annual Report of Major General George W. Davis, United States Army, Commanding Division of the Philippines from October 1, 1093 to 26 July 1903, Manila, 1903.

The People of the Philippines: Letter from the Secretary of War (1901). Washington: Government Printing Office.

Tuan, M. & Dayang, N.S. (2009). Kissa Kan Panglima Sayyadi. Cassette Tape.

Tuban, M.R. (1977). Tausug folk literature [Unpublished Master’s Thesis, University of the Philippines-Diliman]. Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines.

Walker, S. F. (2002). Jung and the Jungians on Myth. NY: Routledge.

Worcester, D. C. (1898). The Malay Pirates of the Philippines with Observations from Personal Experience. The Century Magazine. University of Michigan.

Yu, A. L., Manidoc, E., & Tsuji, T. (2022). The Kagan folktales in Mindanao Island of the Philippines. Southeastern Philippines Journal of Research and Development, 27(2), 47-60. https://doi.org/10.53899/spjrd.v27i2.213


Download data is not yet available.